Pulitzer Fountain, 1914-1916
The sculpture at the top is a figure of Pamona, the goddess of abundance . She is mostly nude, except for a cloth draped across one leg. Her body position suggests movement, as her arms reach across her body, holding a large bowl of fruit. The twist of her body, along with the way in which her left leg steps forward and her eyes gaze towards the right, imply that she is in the process of turning.
The Pulitzer Fountain and the plaza on which it stands were created with the ideals of the City Beautiful movement in mind . Both architect and sculptor were interested in creating a cohesive space at the southeast corner of Central Park, taking into account the sculpture of General William Tecumseh Sherman, which was already located on the adjacent plaza between 59th and 60th Streets.
Bitter had actually been interested in the development of this particular space for years before the project was even proposed . Then when the project was proposed, he was initially against the plan, arguing that the money allocated for the fountain (donated by publishing giant Joseph Pulitzer) was not enough to include the deign and construction of a well-integrated plaza as well. The final arrangement had the city paying for the creation of the plaza, while Pulitzer's donation covered the cost of the Fountain .
In the spring of 1915, before the project was complete, Bitter was hit by a car and died. Although he had completed an initial model for his sculpture, he had never seen his work on location with the fountain . After Bitter's death, the sculpture was enlarged, with minor adjustments made by artists Karl Gruppe and Isidore Konti .
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